Children in Care
Children in care measures the percentage of children who are removed from their families and placed in the care of another adult.
Why This Matters
Children in care is a predictor of many negative outcomes. According to the Manitoba Center for Health Policy: “The prevalence of children in care is high in Canada relative to other countries (Thoburn, 2007), and Manitoba’s rate of out-of-home placements is one of the highest in Canada (Mulcahy & Trocm, 2010). Indeed, Manitoba’s prevalence of out-of-home placements for children up to 11 years is 10 times higher than Western Australia’s (Mulcahy & Trocm, 2010). Our results show that prevalence of children in care increased in Manitoba over the study period; incomplete data may have masked the extent of that increase. Given that these children have poorer health and educational outcomes (Brownell et al., 2008; Brownell et al., 2010; Katz et al., 2011), it is important to have accurate data on children in care for planning purposes. Incomplete data poses difficulties for building consistent evidence to inform policy” (MCHP 2012, 140).
Measurement and Limitations
The children are counted based on the address of the “family head” of the family of origin, a proxy for the location for family of origin lived. Though gaps in data have been reported at the provincial level, data for Winnipeg is largely complete. Some caution should be exercised in making comparisons with other jurisdictions; there are differences in the way that data is collected between provinces. For instance, in some provinces a child is placed in care of extended
family is considered to be “in care”, whereas it is not in other provinces.
Child and Family Services Information System (CFSIS) via Manitoba Center for Health Policy. MCHP. 2012. How Are Manitoba’s Children Doing? Available at: http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/mb_kids_report_WEB.pdf
This data is updated as the data becomes available.
MCHP. 2012. How Are Manitoba’s Children Doing? Available at: http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/mb_kids_report_WEB.pdf
Children in Care Sustainable Development Goals
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Extreme poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 1990. While this is a remarkable achievement, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make little more than this daily amount, plus many people risk slipping back into poverty.
Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.