Children in Care
Children in care measures the percentage of children who are removed from their families and placed in the care of another adult.
Why This Matters
Being taken into care is a predictor of many negative outcomes. According to the Manitoba Center for Health Policy: “The prevalence of children in care is high in Canada relative to other countries (Thoburn, 2007), and Manitoba’s rate of out-of-home placements is one of the highest in Canada (Mulcahy & Trocm, 2010). Indeed, Manitoba’s prevalence of out-of-home placements for children up to 11 years is 10 times higher than Western Australia’s (Mulcahy & Trocm, 2010). Our results show that prevalence of children in care increased in Manitoba over the study period; incomplete data may have masked the extent of that increase. Given that these children have poorer health and educational outcomes (Brownell et al., 2008; Brownell et al., 2010; Katz et al., 2011), it is important to have accurate data on children in care for planning purposes. Incomplete data poses difficulties for building consistent evidence to inform policy” (MCHP 2012, 140).
Measurement and Limitations
The children are counted based on the address of the “family head” of the family of origin, a proxy for the location for family of origin lived. Though gaps in data have been reported at the provincial level, data for Winnipeg is largely complete. Some caution should be exercised in making comparisons with other jurisdictions; there are differences in the way that data is collected between provinces. For instance, in some provinces a child is placed in care of extended family is still considered to be “in care,” whereas it is not in other provinces.
Child and Family Services Information System (CFSIS), via the Manitoba Center for Health Policy. MCHP. 2012. How Are Manitoba’s Children Doing? Retrieved from: http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/mb_kids_report_WEB.pdf
Data is updated on Peg as it becomes available from the data providers.
MCHP. 2012. How Are Manitoba’s Children Doing? Available at: http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/mb_kids_report_WEB.pdf
Children in Care in the Sustainable Development Goals
Click on the SDG to reveal more information
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Extreme poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 1990. While this is a remarkable achievement, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make little more than this daily amount, plus many people risk slipping back into poverty.
Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.
Related Children in Care Targets
Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies
Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.
Related Children in Care Targets
End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children