Description
Graphs
SDGs

Collision Victims

Definition

Collision victims tracks the number of traffic accidents resulting in injuries or fatalities.

Rationale and Connections

The number of injuries and/or fatalities reflects the safety of the road infrastructure, the provision of safe vehicles, law enforcement, mobility planning, the provision of health and hospital services, child welfare services, and urban and environment planning (World Health Organization and World Bank, 2004). Factors leading to road traffic injuries include car safety features, the design of the built environment, road conditions, time of day, and driver behaviour (seatbelt use, drug and alcohol use, use of cell phones while driving, etc.).

Although complex, road safety is an important public health issue. In a jointly produced report, the World Health Organization and the World Bank (2004), demonstrate that road traffic injuries disproportionately affects vulnerable groups of road users including the poor, with more than half the people killed being young adults between 15 and 44 years of age who are often the breadwinners of their family. Another reason for concern is that road traffic injuries pose a significant burden on our health care system in terms of emergency treatment, chronic care and rehabilitation (Ramage-Morin, 2008).

Around the world, millions of people die or are severally injured every year due to traffic accidents. In contrast to the scale of human suffering, road safety efforts are described as minimal (World Health Organization and World Bank, 2004). In Canada, road traffic accidents a responsible for approximately 2,000 fatalities and 11,500 serious injuries annually.

Measurement and Limitations

The data used for this indicator changed in 2011 as a result of changes to reporting requirements. From 1995 to October 2011, only police-reported collisions were included in the figures. From October 2011 onwards: %u201Ccollision claims registered with Manitoba Public Insurance result in a Traffic Accident Report being completed, as long as the accident occurred on a public roadway and it meets the other requirements of being a %u201Creportable collision%u201D (MPI, p.5). This has resulted in a significant increase in the number of collisions recorded, particularly accidents resulting in property damage and/or minor injuries. To handle the change, data from 2012 onwards has been presented separately.

Data Source

Manitoba Public Insurance. (n.d.). Traffic Collision Statistics Reports. Retrieved from: http://www.mpi.mb.ca/en/Rd-Safety/Overview/Pages/TrafficCollisionStatisticsReport.aspx

References

Manitoba Public Insurance. (n.d.). Traffic Collision Statistics Reports. Retrieved from: http://www.mpi.mb.ca/en/Rd-Safety/Overview/Pages/TrafficCollisionStatisticsReport.aspx

Ramage-Morin, P.L. (2008) Motor Vehicle Accident Deaths 1979-2004. Statistics Canada Health Reports, Volume 19 (No 3).

Transport Canada (2011). Road Safety in Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/motorvehiclesafety/tp-tp15145-1201.htm

Transport Canada (n.d.). Motor Vehicle Safety. Retrieved from: http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/motorvehiclesafety/menu.htm

World Health Organization and World Bank (2004). World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. Retrieved from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241562609.pdf?ua=1

Collision Victims

Collision victims tracks the number of traffic accidents resulting in injuries or fatalities.
 
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Collision Victims Sustainable Development Goals

11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically.

However, many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure.

The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty. The future we want includes cities of opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.