Life Expectancy (Female)
Life expectancy at birth is an estimate of how long, on average, people can expect to live (from birth). This average is based on patterns from the five previous years.
Why This Matters
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most commonly used indicators of overall health status. It reflects the mortality patterns of a population, and is often used for international comparisons. Life expectancy is related to such things as medical interventions (e.g., immunizations), good nutrition, hygiene and safe drinking water.
Measurement and Limitations
Life expectancy measures the number of years a newborn would be expected to live, assuming mortality patterns remain the same throughout its life. Life expectancy is an average-a specific person may die significantly before or after their life expectancy.
The Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP) reports that “even small differences in life expectancy imply important differences in health status,” and that “if all cancers could be eradicated, life expectancy for males would increase by approximately 3.8 years” (MCHP, 2013).
Data are reported for two five-year periods: 2002-2006, and 2007-2011 (MCHP, 2013). It should be noted that rates are not sex- and age-adjusted. Some variation can be attributed to differences in age or sex composition of the populations.
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. (2013). Manitoba RHA indicator atlas 2013. Retrieved from http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference//RHA_2013_web_version.pdf
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. (2009). Manitoba RHA indicators atlas 2009. Retrieved from http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference/RHA_Atlas_Report.pdf
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. (2013). Manitoba RHA indicators atlas 2013. Retrieved from http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference//RHA_2013_web_version.pdf
Life Expectancy (Female) Sustainable Development Goals
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.