Mood and Anxiety Disorders
Mood and anxiety disorders measures how many people have been diagnosed with a mood or anxiety disorder in the last five years.
Why This Matters
Mood and anxiety disorders is an indicator of mental health – a major component of Winnipeggers’ wellbeing. Mental health is defined as “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community” (WHO 2011). Mood and anxiety disorders, and mental illness more broadly, have effects on many aspects of wellbeing, including:
(1) Employment: the unemployment rate of people with serious mental illnesses is in the range of 70% to 90% (CMHA 2013).
(2) Safety: people with mental illnesses are more than twice as likely to be victims of crime (Mood Disorders Society of Canada 2009).
(3) Physical health: mental and physical health are intimately linked. The social determinants of health, for instance, affect not just physical health, but also mental health. According to the CMHA (2013b), “(1) poor mental health is a risk factor for chronic physical conditions; (2) people with serious mental health conditions are at high risk of experiencing chronic physical conditions; and (3) people with chronic physical conditions are at risk of developing poor mental health”.
(4) The economy: according to the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, “the economic burden of mental illness in Canada is estimated at $51 billion per year” (CAMH 2013).
Measurement and Limitations
Mood and anxiety disorders measures how many people (10 years and older) have been diagnosed with a mood or anxiety disorder within a five years period. Mood and anxiety disorders include: depression, bipolar disorder, manic episodes, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, phobic disorders, dissociative disorders, and somatoform disorders. Data were put together based on data from physician visits, hospitalizations, and prescription drug use.
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. 2013. Manitoba RHA Indicator Atlas 2013, available at: http://mchp-appserv.cpe.umanitoba.ca/reference//RHA_2013_web_version.pdf
This data is updated every 5 years as it becomes available.
Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). 2013a. Employment. Available at:http://www.cmha.ca/mental-health/find-help/employment/
Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). 2013b. Connection between mental and physical health. Available at:http://ontario.cmha.ca/mental-health/connection-between-mental-and-physical-health/
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). 2013. Mental Illness and Addiction Statistics. Available at:http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/about_camh/newsroom/for_reporters/Pages/addictionmentalhealthstatistics.aspx
Mood Disorders Society of Canada. 2009. Quick Facts: Mental illness and addiction in Canada. 3rd Edition. Available at:http://www.mooddisorderscanada.ca/documents/Media%20Room/Quick%20Facts%203rd%20Edition%20Referenced%20Plain%20Text.pdf
WHO 2011. Mental health: a state of well-being. Available at:http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/en/
Mood and Anxiety Disorders Sustainable Development Goals
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.