New Immigrant Population refers to the total number of immigrants living within a defined area who have moved to that area within the previous five years of the census.
According to Statistics Canada, the term ‘Immigrant’ refers to a person who is or who has ever been a landed immigrant or permanent resident. This refers to someone who has been granted the right to live in Canada by immigration authorities, either through permanent residency status or citizenship but who was not a Canadian citizen at birth (Statistics Canada, 2017a). An immigrant who came to Canada up to five years prior to a given census year is considered a New Immigrant. This group may also be referred to as ‘newcomers’.
Why This Matters
Immigration has long played an important role in Winnipeg’s growth and prosperity. Immigration data helps government understand how these diverse populations bring new opportunities and culture to Winnipeg and identify what services they might require. Immigration is a main driver of population growth in Winnipeg, and an important source of labour force growth. International immigration will continue to be a major source of labour force growth and will help mitigate concerns about potential labour shortages for Manitoba (Conference Board of Canada, 2018). A Conference Board of Canada report suggests that without immigration, the Canadian economy would experience a shrinking labour force, weak economic growth and greater challenges to funding social services such as health care and social programs. It is important to keep track of immigration data as Winnipeg becomes an increasingly diverse city.
The New Immigrant or newcomer population is an important group to track as this group often requires higher levels of support to integrate into and learn about Canadian society, navigate services, learn an official language and/or find employment. New immigrants can also include newly landed refugees who may also require physical or psychological medical supports.
Measurements and Limitations
Some indicators use differently defined areas or boundaries. This is why different population and population estimates are available. The population presented in these indicators are based on the Statistics Canada Census of the Population, Winnipeg Census Metropolitan Area (CMA). Other population or per-capita based indicators reported in Peg come from the City of Winnipeg’s economic and demographic information (City of Winnipeg, 2018).
Statistics Canada Census of the Population, Winnipeg [Census metropolitan area], Manitoba
Statistics Canada (2017). Winnipeg [Census metropolitan area], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 9803160X2016001. Ottawa. Retrieved from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMACA&Code1=602&Geo2=PR&Code2=46&Data=Count&SearchText=winnipeg&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1
City of Winnipeg (2018). Economic and Demographic Information. Retrieved from https://winnipeg.ca/interhom/Business/EconoDemo.stm
Conference Board of Canada, (2018). Canada 2040: No Immigration versus More Immigration. Retrieved from https://www.conferenceboard.ca/e-library/abstract.aspx?did=9678
Conference Board of Canada, (2017). Maximizing Manitoba’s Potential: Manitoba Research Centre. Retrieved from https://www.conferenceboard.ca/e-library/abstract.aspx?did=8458
Manitoba Immigration Facts Report (2016). Retrieved from https://www.immigratemanitoba.com/facts-report-2016/#01