Personal safety looks at the number of assaults, homicides, sexual assaults and robberies per 1,000 people.
Why This Matters
Personal safety as defined by the number of crimes (per 1,000 people) against persons (assaults, homicides, sexual assaults, and robberies) is an important component of well-being. Crimes against persons not only have strong negative effects on the well-being of victims, they affect the entire community (WPS, 2009). Current residents may restrict their use of public recreational spaces where crimes have been known to occur, and potential residents may be less inclined to move into and open businesses in areas with high levels of crime. Safe communities, as indicated partly by reductions in crime, provide a better quality of life for residents, improve opportunities for investment, tourism, and economic development generally, and enhance social vitality (City of Winnipeg, 2010).
Personal safety is connected to Basic Needs. Both being and feeling safe in one’s community is an essential precondition for achieving well-being. When personal safety is enhanced, community residents are better able to participate in the social and economic life of the community (City of Winnipeg, 2010).
Measurement and Limitations
Personal Safety looks at the number of crimes against persons. This indicator looks specifically at the number of incidents involving assaults, homicides, sexual assaults, and robberies. The incidents included in this data set are reported incidents, rather than convictions. All incidents are recorded according to where they took place, rather than where the victim lives, and reflect the total number of victims.
This data set does not include incidents that have not been reported to the police. This data set does not include all “crimes against persons” as based on uniform crime reporting used by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.
This data set also does not include “crimes against property,” including break & enters, motor vehicle thefts, non-motor vehicle thefts, stolen goods, fraud, arson, and mischief, or “other crimes,” including prostitution, possession of firearms/offensive weapons, and other criminal code violations (WPS, 2009).
Data for this indicator is obtained from the Winnipeg Police Service (WPS) (www.winnipeg.ca/police).
This data is also published in WPS annual reports, along with other crimes against persons, crimes against property, and other crimes (http://www.winnipeg.ca/police/AnnualReports/annualreports.stm).
An interactive map of crime incidences in Winnipeg can be found on the WPS Crimestat website at http://winnipeg.ca/CrimeStat/.
This data is updated annually as it becomes available.
City of Winnipeg. (2010). Our Winnipeg, It’s our city, it’s our plan, it’s our time. Retrieved from http://www.winnipeg.ca/ppd/OurWinnipeg/pdf/OurWinnipeg.Jul15.2010.pdf
Winnipeg Police Service (WPS). (2009). Winnipeg Police Service annual report. Retrieved from http://www.winnipeg.ca/police/annualreports/2009/2009_wps_annual_report_english.pdf
Personal Safety Sustainable Development Goals
16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies
Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.